Lubricants, which can be roughly divided into lubricating oils and greases, have a variety of tasks: They serve to reduce friction and wear as well as for power transmission, cooling, vibration damping, sealing and corrosion protection. In principle, all lubricants consist of a base fluid (base oil) and other ingredients, so-called additives. The properties of lubricating greases, for example, can be optimized by selecting the appropriate base oils, thickeners and additives for a wide variety of applications. There are greases for high or particularly low temperatures, for vacuum applications, particularly water-resistant, pressure-resistant or creepable, food-safe or particularly adhesive greases. This variety of properties, different application areas and the ever increasing requirements make the development of lubricating oils and greases a highly complex process.